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Fears and phobias

Fears and Phobias

Definition of Fears and Phobias The Merriam Webster online dictionary defines fear is follows: An unpleasant, often strong emotion caused by anticipation or awareness of danger and accompanied by increased autonomic activity. The most common modern social fears are the fear of rejection, the fear of success, the fear of failure, and the fear of criticism that can be experienced at different levels of anxiety. _________________________________________ Phobias are overwhelming Phobias are defined as overwhelming, irrational fears that some people experience when facing certain situations or objects that pose little or no actual danger and that would normally not bother others placed in similar situations. A lot of people use erroneously both terms fears and phobias to describe the same condition although the difference is significant. While the term fears is used to qualify the brief anxiety that most people experience when they have to speak in front of an audience, phobias  is used to describe the intense psychological and physical reaction that another person may experience when confronted with specific objects or situations, such as spiders, innocent blindworms, thunderstorms, etc.  In fact, fears and phobias do affect your daily life in a negative way – at different levels of anxiety – and hold the people suffering from fears and phobias back from full enjoyment of their life. _________________________________________ Prevalence of Fears and Phobias  Common fears are so numerous that a general prevalence number would not be of any significance. However, dental fears are estimated with a prevalence of about 20 per cent, against 35 per cent for fears of snakes and 31 per cent for fears of heights. Phobias are by far the most common mental disorder and affect approximately 10% of the world population. Far more women than men suffer from phobias ;  the vast majority do however recognize and admit that their fears and phobias are irrational and are capable of taking the necessary measures to overcome their phobia. Roughly 10 per cent of the reported fears and phobias cases can hardly be treated successfully and become life-long phobias . _________________________________________ Symptoms of Fears and Phobias Fears and phobias are basically divided into three main groups: specific fears and phobias – also called simple phobias – that are wide spread and focus on specific objects or situations; social fears and phobias that generate intense anxiety in public or social situations; and agoraphobia – an irrational fear of being in a public place from which there is no easy or smooth escape. _________________________________________ Specific fears and phobias Specific fears and phobias are characterized by continuous and irrational fears and phobias caused by specific situation or objects that are, in fact, relatively harmless. People suffering from this specific disorder realize that their fears and phobias are irrational. However, just the thought that they might be facing the specific object or situation is enough to cause severe anxiety or even a panic attack .  Specific fears and phobias are subdivided into four major types: _________________________________________ Natural environment type – caused by fears and phobias of thunderstorms in general, lightening, heights, water, etc. _________________________________________ Animal type – caused by fears and phobias of various species or insects, like dogs, snakes, spider, rats, rodents, etc. _________________________________________ Medical type – caused by fears and phobias of seeing or touching blood, receiving injections, witnessing accidents with severely injured people or an invasive medical operation, etc. _________________________________________ Situational type – caused by fears and phobias of using public transportation, lifts, driving a car, flying, tunnel, subways, bridges, staying in enclosed places, leaving home, etc. _________________________________________ Further type – caused by fears and phobias of other triggering situations, such as vomiting, choking, contracting a disease, etc. _________________________________________ Social fears and phobias Social fears and phobias are characterized by the persistent fear of getting suddenly embarrassed or humiliated in front of people or of being evaluated negatively in a particular situation. Social fears and phobias are much more than a normal shyness; they are mainly a sign of low self-esteem and can have an extremely negative influence on the people suffering from the disease as they can also experience: intense fears and phobias when they have to speak in public or to a person in authority extreme fears and phobias when dating, meeting new people or eating out terrible fears and phobias when talking on the phone or writing a report or a letter in front of other people _________________________________________ Agoraphobia  Agoraphobia is characterized by a severe anxiety – an irrational fear of being in a public place from which there is no easy or smooth escape, should a panic attack occur.  Such places can be a quite normal lift, a room full of people, etc. _________________________________________ Further Specific Fears and Phobias Monophobia Sufferers of monophobia are called monophobics. They exhibit abnormal fears and phobias when they suddenly realize that they could be left alone. Even at home, monophobic people may not feel safe, if left alone. They always expect a particular person that they trust to be with them at all times. _________________________________________ Trypanophobia Sufferers of trypanophobia are called tripanophobics. They experience extreme fears and phobias and start panicking at the sight of a syringe and needle or even at the thought of an injection. In some extreme cases, they may even faint when other patients receive an injection. _________________________________________ Sexual phobia Sexual fears and phobias are generally very complex, cover many different aspects of sexual relationships and may include: the fears and phobias of getting a venal infection the fears and phobias of not behaving adequately the fears and phobias of becoming pregnant the fears and phobias of losing control of oneself the fears and phobias of losing one’s bodily functions the fears and phobias of intimacy resulting in difficulty forming close relationship with another person the fears and phobias of not having normal genitals _________________________________________ Signs and symptoms of fears and phobias Independently of the diagnosed type of disorder you may have, following reactions can be expected: An intense feeling of irrepressible anxiety when facing the specific stimulus of your fears and phobias The impression to have to do everything possible and imaginable not to let your fears and phobias occur The strong conviction that a normal function cannot be secured because of your fears and phobias The conviction that you do not have the necessary power to control your own fears and phobias Experiencing excessive sweating, breathing difficulties, more rapid heartbeat, shaking, nausea, panicking at the thought of your own fears and phobias ,  etc. _________________________________________ Causes of Fears and Phobias While the actual causes of fears and phobias  have not been discovered yet, at least a link is believed to exist between your own fears and phobias and those of your parents. In all civilizations, children automatically learn them by observing and copying their family members’ reactions. Fears and phobias appear to be influenced by brain chemicals, genetics and traumatic experiences suffered within the respective culture and triggered by different life styles and events. Children born in a family with fears and phobias history are about three times more likely to also suffer from the disorder. _________________________________________ Risk factors for Fears and Phobias Following factors are believed to increase a person’s risks of experiencing fears and phobias The age is a risk factor for fears and phobias Social fears and phobias generally build up before age 25 while environmental and personal injury related fears and phobias already develop from age 5 on. Situational fears and phobias already start developing around age 15-18. The sex is a risk factor for fears and phobias Both sexes can be affected by fears and phobias. However women appear to be more affected than men; they see more often a doctor, get diagnosed and treated. Most men are less willing to seek help or simply refuse consulting a doctor for emotional matters. The family is a risk factor for fears and phobias When a person lives in a family with fears and phobias history, he or she is more likely to experience the disorder, too. Any traumatic event is a risk factor for fears and phobias When a person experiences a traumatic event, like being trapped in a lift, indecently assaulted in a garage or attacked by a dog, such event may be the starting point for the development of severe fears and phobias . _________________________________________ Complications for Fears and Phobias For those who do not suffer from the disorder, it may be very difficult to understand or even imagine how devastating such fears and phobias can be for the people concerned and to realize how it does affect many aspects of their life. Fears and phobias can be responsible for social isolation A lot a people with so-called “socially isolating disorders”, i.e. those suffering from fears and phobias and from agoraphobia, are most likely to experience a further range of nasty consequences. The majority of this unfortunate group of people has usually serious academic, professional and extreme relationship problems. Children suffering from social isolation are basically at high risk of academic difficulties and loneliness. They are mostly incapable of developing basic social skills. Fears and phobias can be responsible for depression A great number of the people suffering from fears and phobias have depression. They generally also experience further anxiety disorders. Fears and phobias can be responsible for substance abuse Living with intense fears and phobias can be very devastating for those suffering from the disorder; in too many cases the resulting stress leads directly to uncontrolled substance abuse. When fears and phobias are not diagnosed and consequently left untreated, they usually increase in intensity, weaken the person’s condition and may affect seriously his or her daily life. Two main reasons are responsible for the latent degradation: not only the fears and phobias themselves, but especially the repeated attempts to avoid or hide them. At times, the person suffering from fears and phobias may experience short periods of spontaneous improvement. These feelings can be very deceptive as this kind of disorder does not generally disappear without being treated adequately by competent professionals, such as primary care doctors, alternative practitioners or therapists. People addicted to alcohol are said to be up to ten times more likely to suffer from fears and phobias  than non-alcoholic ones. In the same context, it can also be remarked that people suffering from fears and phobias are said to be twice more at risk of joining soon or later the group of alcoholics and to suffer from further addictions. _________________________________________ Your Appointment with a Professional for Fears and Phobias Taking the decision to seek help for your fears and phobias and making an appointment with your primary care doctor is most probably the most important step you can make in this connection to improve your condition. Should you happen to have intense fears and phobias, you will surely be transferred to a specialized mental health provider for further considerations and appropriate treatment. It is always a good idea to get prepared for your appointment and to bring along with you your Fears and Phobias Diary in which you have written down – as detailed as possible – when and under which circumstances both physical and psychological symptoms have occurred, how you have tried to deal with them, and what results you have obtained. It is also recommended to make a check list of all of your key personal information, possible stresses, and important recent changes in your life and to describe shortly how badly and when they have affected you. To complete the picture, you can work out a list of all your medications, inclusive dosages and directions. _________________________________________ Available Treatments and Drugs for Fears and Phobias To treat best your on-going fears and phobias your primary care doctor or a therapist may recommend you some medications or a special behaviour therapy or even both of them. The objective of all fears and phobias treatments is to lower your anxiety levels in order to put you in a position to better control your reactions in accordance with the object or particular situation that has caused them. Following medications are usually prescribed: beta blockers, antidepressants and sedatives. There are also a certain number of treatment approaches for fears and phobias .  The characteristics of the person and his or her type of fears and phobias are to be considered to decide about the effectiveness of the treatment method to be applied. Applicable potential treatment methods for fears and phobias disorders are: Exposure treatments consist in exposing the person to the object or situation that triggers the fears and phobias in order to help overcome his or her usual fears and phobias .  One type of  these “exposure treatments”, the so-called flooding method, confronts the sufferer with the object or situation that usually triggers or causes the fears and phobias – for an extended length of time – without any opportunity to escape. The objective of the flooding method is to empower the sufferer to finally face his or her fears and phobias and realize that they will not harm anyone. Another type of these “exposure treatments” is the so-called counter-conditioning method, in which the sufferer is taught a new response to the object or situation that usually triggers the fears and phobias .  Instead of panicking when facing the object or situation that usually triggers or causes the fears and phobias, the sufferer learns some relaxation techniques to replace his or her anxiety and fear. The counter-conditioning method is mostly used with people who cannot stand the more direct exposure treatments. _________________________________________
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Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 01 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 02 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 03 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 04 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 05 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 06 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 07 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 08 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 09 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 10 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 11 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 12 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 13 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 14 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 15 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 16 Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack, social anxiety disorder, photo 17
Link to the YouTube website  Anxiety ,  fears ,  phobias psychosomatic disease  language: german,  video  3/8
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Link to the YouTube website  Anxiety ,  fears ,  phobias psychosomatic disease  language: german,  Video  52 min
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Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack,  Video on YouTube (educational) video 52min Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack,  Video on YouTube (educational) video 1h10min Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack,  Video on YouTube (educational) video 1h14min Anxiety attack symptoms, Anxiety, Anxiety attacks, anxiety attack,  Video on YouTube (educational) video 1h44min
Anxiety attack symptoms, addictions, psychosomatic disease” - Educational video 1/8 Language: German          soon with subtitles in Englisch
Anxiety attack symptoms, addictions, psychosomatic disease” - Educational video 2/8 Language: German          soon with subtitles in Englisch
Anxiety attack symptoms, addictions, psychosomatic disease” - Educational video 3/8 Language: German          soon with subtitles in Englisch
Anxiety attack symptoms, addictions, psychosomatic disease” - Educational video 4/8 Language: German          soon with subtitles in Englisch
Anxiety attack symptoms, addictions, psychosomatic disease” - Educational video 5/8 Language: German          soon with subtitles in Englisch
Anxiety attack symptoms, addictions, psychosomatic disease”- Educational video 6/8 Language: German          soon with subtitles in Englisch
Anxiety attack symptoms, addictions, psychosomatic disease” - Educational video 7/8 Language: German          soon with subtitles in Englisch
Anxiety attack symptoms, addictions, psychosomatic disease” - Educational video 8/8 Language: German          soon with subtitles in Englisch
“Anxiety - anciety disease - addictions, psychosomatic disease” - Educational video full length, Language: German    soon with subtitles in Englisch   1h15min
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